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What is Chemistry? | Branches of Chemistry | Careers in Chemistry | Chemist salary in 2022.


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What Chemistry Is and What Chemists Do

What is Chemistry? | Branches of Chemistry | Careers in Chemistry | Chemist salary in 2022.

 

According to Wikipedia

As we all know Chemistry is the The scientific study of matter's characteristics and behavior is known as chemistry. It is a branch of natural science that examines the building blocks of matter, including the atoms, molecules, and ions that make up compounds, as well as their composition, structure, behavior, and changes that occur when they interact with other things.

Chemistry deals with the scope of biology and physics. It is also called the fundamental of science which provides  basic and scientific disciplines at fundamental levels.

For example, chemistry explains aspects of plant growth (botany), the formation of igneous rocks (geology), how atmospheric ozone is formed and how environmental pollutants are degraded (ecology), the properties of the soil on the moon (cosmochemistry\), how medications work (pharmacology), and how to collect DNA evidence at a crime scene (forensics).

Chemistry addresses topics such as how atoms and molecules interact via chemical bonds to form new chemical compounds. There are two types of chemical bonds: 1. primary chemical bonds—e.g., covalent bonds, in which atoms share one or more electron(s); ionic bonds, in which an atom donates one or more electrons to another atom to produce ions (cations and anions); metallic bonds—and 2. secondary chemical bonds—e.g., hydrogen bonds; Van der Waals force bonds; ion-ion interaction; ion-dipole interaction.

Chemistry is the science that studies the properties, composition, and structure of substances (defined as elements and compounds), as well as the transformations they go through and the energy released or absorbed during these processes. Every substance, whether naturally occurring or artificially created, is made up of one or more of the hundred-odd species of atoms known as elements. Although these atoms are made up of more elementary particles, they are the fundamental building blocks of chemical substances; for example, there is no quantity of oxygen, mercury, or gold smaller than an atom of that substance. Thus, chemistry is concerned with the properties of atoms and the laws governing their combinations, as well as how knowledge of these properties can be applied.

 

According to Britannica;

Branches of Chemistry?

We have 5 branches of chemistry;

(1.) Analytic Chemistry: The study of identifying and quantifying the components of a mixture is known as analytical chemistry. Analytical chemists might create their own processes for analysis or adapt already existing ones. They oversee, carry out, and interpret the analysis as well. Students that focus on analytical chemistry frequently go on to work in forensics laboratories, pharmaceutical corporations, environmental or environmental-related businesses, run quality assurance programs, conduct research, or teach at colleges and universities.

(2.) Physical chemistry is the study of the fundamental physical principles that govern the way that atoms, molecules, and other chemical systems behave. Physical chemists study a wide array of topics such as the rates of reactions (kinetics), the way that light and matter interact (spectroscopy), how electrons are arranged in atoms and molecules (quantum mechanics), and the stabilities and reactivities of different compounds and processes (thermodynamics). In all of these cases, physical chemists try to understand what is happening on an atomic level, and why. Students who concentrate in physical chemistry may go onto pursue careers in industry, research or teaching. A lot of the current physical chemistry research in industry and academia combines the techniques and ideas from several fields.

(3.) Inorganic chemistry is commonly thought of as those areas within chemistry that do not deal with carbon. However, carbon is very important in many inorganic compounds, and there is a whole area of study known as organometallic chemistry that is truly a hybrid of the traditional disciplines of organic and inorganic chemistry. Some areas of inorganic chemistry that are especially important are catalysis, materials chemistry, and bioinorganic chemistry. Catalysts are chemical entities that increase the rate of a reaction without being consumed, and are typically based upon transition metals (usually) organometallic complexes of transition metals).This is an extremely important area to industry, and many of the chemists who would be identified as inorganic or organometallic chemists work in this area. Materials Chemistry is an area concerned with the design and synthesis of materials that allow the advance of technologies in nearly every area of society. 

(4.) Biochemistry is the study of the chemical principles that underpin basic biological systems. Fundamentally, biochemical research seeks to characterize the relationship between the structure and function of biological macromolecules. Biochemical research, in particular, has provided a more comprehensive understanding in regenerative medicine, infectious disease, organ/tissue transplantation, clinical diagnostics, and genetic disease. Students who major in biochemistry go on to have extremely successful careers in medicine, research, and business. After completing their undergraduate degrees, some students may go on to professional schools, while others may enter academic or government research settings. Some students combine their biochemistry knowledge with a Master of Business Administration (MBA).

(5.) Organic compounds are based on the chemistry of carbon. Carbon is unique in the variety and extent of structures that can result from the three-dimensional connections of its atoms. The process of photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide and water to oxygen and compounds known as carbohydrates. Both cellulose, the substance that gives structural rigidity to plants, and starch, the energy storage product of plants, are polymeric carbohydrates. 

Careers in chemistry

A degree in chemistry opens doors to a wide variety of employment opportunities. The range of available jobs is considerable and covers many different types of chemistry and industries such as nanotechnology, large scale chemical plants, the drinks and pharmaceutical industries or teaching.

Your skills will also be in demand in other areas. A study of chemistry helps you develop logical thought and numerical skills and the ability to write accurate and concise reports. As a result, our chemists are in demand in national and local government, in hospitals and in education at all levels.

Opportunities include, but are not limited to:

  • Analytical Chemist
  • Accountant/ Auditor
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Chemical Development Engineer
  • Lecturer
  • Environmental Chemist
  • Forensic Researcher
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Patent Agent
  • Purification Scientist
  • Toxicologist

Career opportunities in the UK and overseas

Our chemistry graduates compete very successfully for jobs in all branches of the chemical industry, both in the UK and overseas.

Our graduates are working in a range of interesting positions such as:

  • analytical chemists
  • chemical engineers
  • forensic examiners
  • forensic researchers
  • police officers
  • project engineers
  • development chemists
  • laboratory technicians
  • technical associates
  • research analysts
  • chemistry teachers

Our Chemistry International Alumni are almost 4,000 strong, working all over the world, in locations including:

  • Spain
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Hong Kong
  • Middle East
  • USA

There are also major opportunities for chemists in non-chemical areas. Studying chemistry helps develop your logical thought, problem-solving and numeric skills, and the ability to write accurate and concise reports – all important for a range of jobs. Many Strathclyde chemistry graduates have found interesting and rewarding careers in areas such banking, finance, recruitment, marketing and the civil service.

Chemist salary in 2022/ How much will I earn?

The average salary of graduates in full-time work is £19,000. Senior chemists with management responsibilities could earn over £50,000.*

*Information is intended only as a guide.

Recent research has shown that chemistry graduates are better paid over a lifetime than graduates of almost any other discipline. They earn on average £60,000, €75,000 or $97,000 more than other most other graduates over a working lifetime, and around £190,000, €242,000 or $302,000 more than those with two or more A levels (but no degree). [Data taken from The Economic Benefits of Higher Education Qualifications, PricewaterhouseCoopers]

 

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